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" A digital currency issued by a central bank would be a global target for cyber attacks, cyber counterfeiting, and cyber theft. "
" While the move to central clearing has made the system safer, we need to make sure that the central counterparties have the resources and risk-management practices to withstand plausible but severe shocks. "
" The Federal Reserve is committed to fulfilling our statutory mandate of stable prices and maximum employment. "
" Regional interest rate differentials persisted until around the time of World War I and helped shape the attitudes of Americans living in western areas toward the nation's financial system. "
" The banking industry has traditionally been characterized by physical branches, privileged access to financial data, and distinct expertise in analyzing such data. "
" Risk management systems and controls may discourage or limit certain revenue-generating opportunities. Failure to ensure the independence of these functions from the revenue generators and risk takers has been shown to be dangerous, and this is something for which the board is accountable. "
" An efficient payments system provides the infrastructure needed to transfer money in low-cost and convenient ways. Efficient systems are innovative in improving the quality of services in response to changing technology and changing demand. "
" Higher asset prices increase wealth and, with a lag, induce higher spending. "
" Businesses and households react to lower rates by investing and spending more. Lower rates also support the prices of housing and financial assets such as stocks and bonds. "
" I am unable to think of any critical, complex human activity that could be safely reduced to a simple summary equation. "
" The sale of Treasury bonds, notes, and bills finances the U.S. government, and those securities are, in turn, a primary vehicle for savings for a wide range of U.S. households. Treasury securities are also an important source of collateral within the financial system. "
" Alignment of business strategy and risk appetite should minimize the firm's exposure to large and unexpected losses. In addition, the firm's risk management capabilities need to be commensurate with the risks it expects to take. "
" Long experience, in the United States and in other advanced economies, has demonstrated that monetary policy is most successful when decisions are rendered independent of influence by elected officials. "
" Long-term economic growth depends mainly on nonmonetary factors such as population growth and workforce participation, the skills and aptitudes of our workforce, the tools at their disposal, and the pace of technological advance. Fiscal and regulatory policies can have important effects on these factors. "
" Regulatory changes have forced banks to closely examine their liquidity planning and to internalize the costs of liquidity provision. The costs of committed liquidity facilities will be passed on to clearing members. These costs are perhaps highest in clearing Treasury securities, where liquidity needs can be especially large. "
" The financial crisis involved significant failures in the functioning, regulation, and supervision of OTC derivatives markets. "
" The revenue stream for Social Security benefits comes from payroll taxes, which are credited to the Social Security Trust Fund - accounting for the program's finances separately from the rest of the budget. "
" To ensure financial stability, we expect the provision of U.S. government securities settlement services to be robust in nearly all contingencies. "
" We live in a world defined by the rapid pace of technological change. "
" We need a resilient, well-capitalized, well-regulated financial system that is strong enough to withstand even severe shocks and support economic growth by lending through the economic cycle. "
" Our discussions of the economy may sometimes ring in the ears of the public with more certainty than is appropriate. "
" Mobile devices, high-speed data communication, and online commerce are creating expectations that convenient, secure, real-time payment and banking capabilities should be available whenever and wherever they are needed. "
" The financial crisis revealed important weaknesses in many areas of our financial system. "
" There is certainly a role for regulation, but regulation should always take into account the impact that it has on markets, a balance that must be constantly weighed. "
" The financial crisis and the Great Recession posed the most significant macroeconomic challenges for the United States in a half-century, leaving behind high unemployment and below-target inflation and calling for highly accommodative monetary policies. "